Listahan ng mga hakbang sa paggawa ng isang magandang disenyo tulad ng paghahanda ng design brief, pagsasagawa ng research, pagsasaayos ng mga elemento tulad ng fonts at kulay, at pag-optimize ng mga imahe. Kasama rin ang pag-set ng deadline at paghahanda ng brand guidelines para sa isang propesyonal na disenyo.
Merong mga elementong iisipin habang nagdidisenyo ng graphics, at mahalagang mag-research muna bago magsimula. Gamitin ninyo itong checklist para matulungan kayo.
Ang graphic design checklist ay listahan ng mga elementong kailangan ninyong tingnan bago kayo mag-publish ng kahit anong content. Kailangan ninyong isipin kung paano nakaaapekto ang bawat aspekto sa inyong goals.
Nakatutulong ito para makaiwas sa common na pagkakamali. Sinisiguro rin nitong ang graphics ay angkop at mukhang professional. Bukod dito, nakatutulong itong makagawa kayo ng high-quality graphics para umangat sa kompetisyon ang inyong business.
A design brief is a document that provides all of the relevant information about a project. It should include:
It provides you with all the information you need to start working on a project. If some of the critical elements are missing, this can lead to mistakes and delays later in the process.
You can write a brief yourself, but it’s best to get your client to do so. This way, it will meet their expectations from the beginning.
There is no need to use a professional vector-based design and drawing program in this step. You can simply use Google Docs or other word processor.
Research is crucial for creating high-quality visuals that accurately convey the message. Make sure to gather information on the topic you’re communicating, as well as any relevant competitor designs.
It helps you learn more about your audience and what they are looking for in terms of visuals. You want to make sure that the information or concept being communicated is clear and doesn’t confuse them.
Take a look at other designs in your industry and competitors’ brands. According to the design preferences of consumers in that market, you can decide what will work and what won’t.
If you’re not sure where to start, try using Behance or Pinterest to get inspiration.
This allows you to develop innovative ideas for your design concept. The best way to tackle this stage is to ensure that there are no limits or restrictions so you can explore as many options as possible.
This step will ensure that you have a wide range of concepts to choose from before moving onto the next stage.
Have a creative environment where everyone can contribute their ideas, regardless of how outlandish they might seem. Remember, there are no bad ideas in brainstorming.
You will need a notebook and a pen to write down your thoughts and your ideas, no matter how simple.
When it comes to choosing a design concept, creatives often struggle, since it can be difficult to know what will produce the desired result.
At this stage, you will narrow down all of the concepts you created during brainstorming, making the design process easier.
The design team needs to agree on a concept before moving forward. This will prevent disagreements and confusion later on.
A mood board can help you visualize the particular concept and get everyone on the same page.
To create the best design possible, it’s time to start evaluating your ideas.
It will help determine the specific details of your design and make sure everything is in line with your vision.
You must know your goals before evaluating ideas. If team members are working collaboratively, be sure to regularly communicate any changes.
Templates can help with getting your ideas down visually and evaluating different design options.
One of the most important aspects of any project is setting and meeting deadlines. This step helps make sure that everyone involved in the project knows what they need to do and when it needs to be done.
This will help keep everyone on track and avoid delays or missed milestones.
Create a timeline with specific deadlines for each stage of the design process. This will ensure that everything stays on track.
A project management tool such as Asana.
Consider your budget when designing any type of content. You will spend no more than your allotted budget while still completing all the elements in your design.
To ensure you don’t go over budget and still achieve the look and feel you desire.
Discuss in advance any needs and limitations your team might have. It will help you determine your budget for each phase.
A spreadsheet in Google Sheets for organizing and keeping track of your budget.
The next step is to draft designs once you have finalized your concept. This will give you a better idea of how everything should look when it’s finished.
This step allows for revisions and feedback so that any necessary changes can be made before the design is finalized.
Team members can reach out if they have any concerns or questions during this time. It can also contribute to preventing any last-minute changes that may affect deadlines.
Adobe Photoshop or Illustrator, although these are relatively complex tools. For those without technical skills, Canva is a much easier alternative.
Before you even begin to make a graphic design, look at the project setup. This means choosing the right tools and setting up your workspace in an efficient way.
If you’re using the wrong tools or your workspace isn’t set up correctly, it might slow down your workflow and cause frustration.
For example, if you’re working on a web design, make sure you have all of the necessary software downloaded and installed ahead of time.
You need a good design program (Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, InDesign, etc.), plus a drawing tablet for graphic designers.
To begin with, make sure your document size is set correctly.
Using the wrong document size can distort your graphics and have a negative effect on the overall look of your design.
Be sure to check the dimensions needed for the project. Your design needs to fit its purposes.
All design programs allow you to change the document size from the document settings.
The margin is the space between the main content and the edges. The bleed is the area that extends beyond the “finished” cut edge.
If these aren’t set up correctly, your graphics may be cropped or end up looking distorted.
In most cases, you’ll be working with a margin of 0.25″ and a bleed of 0.125″ by default.
Most design programs have default margin and bleed settings that you can change if necessary.
The color mode can determine how colors combine according to the number of channels in a color model. This can affect color detail and file size.
If you choose the wrong color mode, your graphics may appear distorted or washed out after printing or distributing. They could also look completely different from the colors you see in your design project.
If you’re working on a design for a website or social media, etc., make sure the color mode is set to RGB. This will ensure that your logo looks accurate when displayed on a computer screen.
If you need to print your design, you’ll need to change the color mode to CMYK.
Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator both have a variety of color modes that you can choose from, such as index mode (256 colors), grayscale mode (256 grays), and Bitmap mode (2 colors).
In Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator, you can access these options in the new document window. If you have already created a project, go to File > Document color mode.
Make sure fonts are easy to read. You don’t want your text to be challenging to scan through.
Hard-to-read fonts can make your content difficult to understand.
First, stick with just a couple of different fonts and use them consistently throughout your design.
Second, avoid busy-looking fonts like cursive or handwriting styles unless they fit your brand identity.
If you’re unsure which fonts to use, some websites allow you to test out different fonts together before committing, e.g. Flippingfonts.com.
In graphic design, the layout refers to the arrangement of visual elements on a page that make up the content of the design.
The layout has two objectives: to convey the message correctly and to present information in a logical, coherent way that highlights the most critical points. If the layout isn’t correct, it can make your graphics look unprofessional and/or disorganized.
Here are five points to keep in mind for preparing a good layout:
It is possible to create and save your guide layouts as presets in Adobe with the Guide Layout feature.
It’s time to select your color palette for the project.
A website or graphic can look completely different if the incorrect color is used.
For example, a bright red background may not be appropriate for a webpage’s content. Even using white text won’t help since users will not read it.
In general, you should use colors that work well together and have a purpose within the design. If you don’t know how, follow the color theory.
In Adobe, you can create a custom color palette. You can also find different color combinations online or in design textbooks if you’re stuck.
If you include any images in the project, you should optimize them first.
Images that aren’t optimized will make the size of your final design too large, or it might appear pixelated.
There are many different ways to optimize an image. You can reduce the size of the file by compressing it, or you can use an image format such as JPEG or PNG that will automatically optimize it.
In Adobe Photoshop, the Save for Web option allows you to optimize images before exporting them into different formats. You can also find online tools that will optimize your images for free.
If your design contains any text, ask yourself the following questions:
If you’re not careful, using wrong fonts or text alignment can make your design look unprofessional.
To choose the correct font scheme, it’s crucial to have a general idea of what you want your document to look like. For example, if you’re creating a flyer for an event, use fonts that are easy to read and match the event’s tone.
In Adobe Photoshop, you can use the Text tool to create and edit text. In Adobe Illustrator, a separate Type tool allows you to format and align your text. You can also find more options for editing text within both programs under the Window menu.
If you’re using a black background in your design, it’s important to use rich black instead of standard black. Especially if you plan on printing your design.
Rich black is deeper than standard black, making the text and other elements look sharper and cleaner.
You have to change the CMYK ink values. It might take a few tries to find your perfect rich black formula.
In Adobe Illustrator, there is a swatch called Graphic Black that you can use to create rich black.
Copyright law protects creative work from unauthorized reproduction and usage. If you’re using any images or fonts that aren’t your own, be sure to include the owner’s copyright information in the document.
Using images or fonts without permission is illegal, so you must give credit to their creators.
You must obtain permission before you use any piece of work that is protected by copyright. To avoid violating any copyright license, read and understand it thoroughly.
Which tools to use to include copyright information?
You can add copyright information to any document in Illustrator, Photoshop, or InDesign by choosing File > File Info.
The contrast is a great way to emphasize what’s essential and draw visitors’ eyes to a particular area of the project.
Having too little contrast in your design will make reading the text and recognizing other elements difficult.
Contrast isn’t just limited to colors. You can add contrast to your designs by using different sizes of elements, textures, and patterns.
You can use a free online tool like the Contrast Checker to determine the differences between various elements.
If you’re using any images or illustrations that contain text, make sure the elements are balanced.
Graphic elements should be balanced out when you design so they appear intentional rather than accidental.
Balance can be achieved using different visual weights such as Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Radial, or even Off-Balance.
In Adobe, there are a few ways to achieve balance in your design. One way is to use the Rule of Thirds grid. You can also adjust the position and size of elements until they look balanced.
If you plan to print your design, it’s important to include crop marks.
Crop marks help the printer recognize where to cut the paper so that everything displays correctly.
If you plan to have your document commercially printed, produce a sample page first to ensure the crop marks are accurate.
In Adobe, you can add custom crop marks by adjusting the settings under Crop Marks.
The final step of creating a design is to prepare brand guidelines so that everyone knows how exactly they can use the graphic design.
Make sure the brand guidelines specify how and when your design can be used, especially if you’re designing a logo or a marketing image. Not establishing clear rules could lead to problems in the future.
The brand guidelines should include information about acceptable file formats, colors, and sizing for the following elements:
You can choose any of the following programs: Adobe Illustrator, Microsoft Word, or Google Slides.
Check your design one more time before publishing it or sending it to the printer or client.
To avoid any errors in the final product, you should double-check everything.
Verify that you have not overlooked anything important by going over all steps of the graphic design checklist again.
Using our checklist is probably the easiest way to achieve this. Find out for yourself!
When your design is finished, it’s time to distribute the final product.
Make sure you are saving your project in the right format. Otherwise, it can decrease the quality of your work.
Exporting one project in several formats is the best way to do this.
Standard raster files are JPEG, PNG, and GIF. In addition, you could save your design in PDF or export it to AI, EPS, TIFF, and PSD for further editing.
It should include specific design requirements, principles to be followed, and a review process. Complete the checklist and you'll see that we cover all these aspects.
Rates can vary greatly depending on a designer's experience and the type of project. However, in general, graphic designers charge anywhere from $25 to $200 per hour, with the average rate being around $75 per hour. Some designers may also charge a flat fee for a project type rather than charging by the hour. This fee could be anywhere from $500 to $5,000 for a project that typically takes 50-100 hours to complete.
Professional graphic designers will produce high-quality graphics that adhere to your company's aesthetic aspect, stand out on social media, persuade new customers, and foster loyalty. The designs won't require time-consuming and expensive design updates down the road, but rather look fresh for years to come.
Choosing too many fonts, including low-resolution images, using text that's too small or difficult to read, and not adding enough white space. It’s best to stick to two or three fonts at the most and make sure they complement each other. Low-resolution images often look blurry and pixelated when enlarged, so it's wise to use high-resolution images whenever possible. White space is critical for creating a visually appealing layout and making text easy to read.
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